Clinton River Park Tree Guide
1. American Elm(Ulmus americana) is found in river floodplains and disturbed sites such as old fields, roadsides and pastures. An ideal street tree that was widely planted because of its shade and graceful form. Dutch Elm disease affects this tree.
2. Red Oak(Quercus rubra) is relatively fast growing and long-lived (300 plus years). Acorns mature in autumn of second season. Red oak is an important tree for landscaping parks and spacious lawns.
3. Red Mulberry(Morus rubra) has smooth and variously lobed leaves on the same tree. Fruits ripen in July and are quickly eaten by birds. The White Mulberry was introduced from China to help establish a silkworm industry in America.
4. Black Maple(Acer nigrum) is characteristic of river floodplains and bottomlands. This tree is highly shade-tolerant and slow growing. It is reported to produce more and a better grade of maple syrup than the sugar maple.
5. Hop-Hornbeam(Ostrya virginiana) has fruit clusters resembling hops. It is also known as ironwood because of its extremely hard wood. Pioneers made prying poles, levers, sleigh runners, wagon tongues, wheel rims and spokes from this tree.
6. Black Willow(Salix nigra) is found along stream and riverbanks. Trees thrive at or slightly above water level where they tolerate flooding and silting. Wood is used for crates, pulpwood, artificial limbs and polo balls.
7. Silver Maple(Acer saccharinum) is typical of stream banks and river flood plains. This species is shade-intolerant and fast growing. A popular yard tree because of its foliage, fast growth and adaptability to a variety of soils.
8. Butternut(Juglans cinerea) is also known as White Walnut. Nuts are oblong and the husks contain an orange-yellow dye once used for coloring homespun clothing. Boiling down the sap can make a sweet syrup.
9. Black Cherry
(Prunus serotina) does not tolerate high water tables or poorly drained sites. Edible fruits ripen in August and September. Wood is highly valued for furniture and veneer.